Stomach flu or gastroenteritis is a sort of an infection within the digestive system, particularly the abdomen and intestines. Parasite, micro organism or virus infections are the main causes of this condition. Virus infections are spread by way of contaminated meals and fluids. It can be caused by certain toxins present in some crops & seafood, usage of highly effective laxatives to be able to cure constipation or because of intake of poisonous heavy metal or meals. The problem begins with abdominal upset and cramps. The child exhibits disinterest in eating and feels weak. Generally, even fever can accompany together with dehydration.
Signs of stomach flu are diarrhea and vomiting, which take almost 5 days to go away.
More fluids must be given regularly to the affected patient. This can suppress numerous symptoms from rising due to lack of water from the body. Lack of water and salt from the body is the largest threat in stomach flu. Dehydration cannot only worsen the condition, but can also be life threatening to the child. This needs to be taken care of within the early stages. Since there’s lack of salts together with the lack of water from the body, plain water won’t do a lot.
Oral-Re-hydration have the proper mixture of salts, sugar and water which may hydrate the body.
These fluids come in numerous taste, so that children can have their favourite flavor and is simple to consume. Oral re-hydration shouldn’t be mixed with anything else similar to sugar or water.
Oral-Re-hydration should be given using a teaspoon every two minutes.
The amount can be increased steadily. If the vomiting continues, ice cubes and popsicle will also help you wash away the nasty taste left in your mouth after vomiting. This effort is to provide constant fluid to the body. Oral re-hydration needs to be given until diarrhea comes to a halt. However it isn’t advisable to continue it for more than twenty 4 hours. Among the fluids similar to soft drinks, sports drink, apple juice, tea, or chicken broth include wrong amounts of salt, sugar & water and may make matter worse.
Apart from fluids, the parent shouldn’t give any kind of medication with out consulting a pediatrician. Fried, spicy and sugary meals aren’t good on this situation as this will worsen the child stomach flu. If the child isn’t receiving adequate quantity of fluids he/she is going to show signs reminiscent of sunken eyes, dry mouth, intense thirst.This also includes unusual sleep patterns, and decrease in urine.
The more the bed rest taken by the child the better it is.
The child should take full bed rest for not less than twenty 4 hours or until the diarrhea and vomiting stops. When the child has fever, the temperature should be checked and noted in a log, every 4 hours. The doctor must be contacted immediately, if the temperature is very high and doesn’t stop climbing. The person who is preparing and serving meals to the child should wash his or her hands very carefully before doing so.
Additionally, if the diarrhea and vomiting doesn’t stop after twenty 4 hours, it’s a must to get a health care provider’s appointment. If the vomiting contains blood or green colour substance, the child should be rush immediately to the hospital.
Your doctor may administer the antibiotics directly into your veins after doing stool and blood test.
Anti nausea should given to prevent throwing up and control fluid loss. When there’s considerable amount of dehydration, the child should be confine to the hospital. Glucose or IV will have to be administered. This is normally done via a tube linked to the child’s veins.
Should the child has fever, temperature must be check and the doctor would ask about information about the temperature pattern. If the illness continues for days, a log about the information about the daily weight should be given to the doctor. Typically, the blood oxygen levels should be checked with the assistance of a pulse oximeter.